Guide for Authors
Last updated: 2020-10-06
The authors should read the "Editorial Policy" of the journal, which details aspects related to the publishing ethics, scope of the journal, publication fee, types of submissions, and other interesting topics.
Preparation of the manuscript
Format: The mandatory format is single column with single line spacing, leaving a blank line between subtitles and text, and no blank line between paragraphs. The paper size should be letter (21.59 cm X 27.94 cm) with a portrait orientation. The margins should be 2.5 cm in all directions. All the text in the manuscript (including table titles, footnotes, and references) should be in Century Schoolbook font, except for the section titles, which should be in Britannic Bold. The main body of the text should be 11 points; the tables, table titles, figure captions, and references, 9 points. The section titles should be all upper-case 12 pts, while the subsection titles should be sentence-case 11 pts.
Tables and figures obtained from analysis equipment, control instruments, and similar devices that are not sufficiently clear, well-defined, or simple should not be included. The figures and tables should not be added unnecessary backgrounds or decorations. Color figures are accepted as long as they can be printed in grayscale without compromising their quality.
Title: The title of the manuscript should be in English and Spanish. The title should clearly, accurately, and concisely represent the content of the paper. As much as possible, the title should not include abbreviations or acronyms. The title should be centered, all uppercase, and boldface.
Authors: Include the names of all the authors (the ones they use in scientific publications), providing at least their first and last name. For example, we can accept Juan Pérez, Juan M. Pérez, or Juan Pérez-González, but not J. Pérez. The author names should be in italics and separated by commas. Insert a consecutive number in superscript at the end of every name to indicate their affiliation below.
The author names in the submitted manuscript may not be changed, except for cases in which it is duly justified. In such cases, all the authors should send a request to the Editorial Board of the journal explaining the reasons for the amendment. If new authors are to be included, the current authors should specify the contribution of the former to the study and the preparation of the manuscript. The Editorial Board of the journal will study the request and make a decision (accept or reject). No authorship changes will be made to published articles.
Note: You should list the names of all the authors in the submission form, Coauthors Section.
Affiliations: Specify the name of the institution or organization the authors are affiliated with, their city and country, and institutional email address. The affiliations should be written at the bottom of the first page, after the superscript number that corresponds to that shown after each name.
If the authors wish to change their affiliation after the article has been accepted, they should request it through a communication justifying the amendment. The Editorial Board of the journal will study the request and make a decision (accept or reject). No affiliation changes will be made to published articles.
Potential reviewers: Provide the name, affiliation, and institutional email address of three potential reviewers for your manuscript. They must not be affiliated with the ITM or the institutions of the other authors or have participated in publications with any of the authors in the three years prior to the submission.
Abstract: The abstract should be a paragraph (200–250 words) describing the aim and contribution of the study in a clear, explicit, and direct way. The abstract must (i) establish the objective and scope of the study, (ii) describe its method, (iii) summarize the most important results, and (iv) draw the main conclusions. The abstract should not contain information or conclusions that are not included in the manuscript, uncommon abbreviations, or citations. A correct and accurate translation of the abstract into Spanish language should be included. If you are not proficient in English or Spanish, make sure it is a high-quality translation.
Keywords: Include five keywords that represent the content of the manuscript and can be used to identify the field or subfield of the study. To increase the visibility of the article, they should be correct terms commonly accepted by the scientific community. The keywords in Spanish should be an accurate translation of their counterparts in English. To select your keywords, check a thesaurus such as those by IEEE, UNESCO, AGROVOC, or Spines, which are implemented to control terms in thematic analyses and the retrieval of information by automatic search engines. The keywords should be separated by commas, and each one should not be longer than four words, including prepositions.
Resumen: It must be a correct and accurate translation into the English language of the text that appears in the summary in Spanish. Authors who do not have a good command of English should be advised to ensure that the translation is of high quality. The same editing format specified for the summary in Spanish should be used.
Palabras clave: It must be a correct and accurate translation into the English language of each keyword. Authors who do not have a good command of English should be advised to ensure that the translation is of high quality. It is recommended for the assignment of the keywords to consult thesauri specialized in the subject treated to specify the terminology that represents the content of the manuscript.
Main text: The main text of the manuscript should be divided into six sections: 1. Introduction, 2. Method, 3. Results and discussion, 4. Conclusions, 5. Acknowledgments, and 6. References. Each one of these sections should start with the title, which should be left-aligned, all uppercase, boldface, and not underlined.
A blank line should be left before each subtitle. Footers are not allowed; everything should be included in the text. All the names and words in foreign languages should be written in their original form, unless an English version is widely accepted. The names of countries, institutions, and people should follow the official conventions.
When a complete sentence starts and ends with parentheses or quotation marks, the period is placed inside such signs. An ellipsis consists of three dots, not more. Exclamation and question marks end sentences, which is why a period is not necessary before or after them.
Equations: They should be centered with respect to the main text. Additionally, consecutive Arabic numerals should be used (in parenthesis, near the right margin) to label equations; for example: (1). All the equations should be referred to in the manuscript and written in MS Office Word® Equation Editor (not inserted as images in the text).
Equations should be referred to as “(1)”, not “Eq. (1)” or “Equation (1)”, except at the start of a sentence. The meaning and units of each term in the expressions must be clearly defined. We recommend using the International System of Units (SI). All the numerical quantities in the main text, equations, tables, and figures in English should use the decimal point format. Please make the necessary changes and be consistent if the numbers were originally in Spanish and commas should be replaced with points.
Tables: The tables should be created in MS Office Word® or MS Office Excel®, and not inserted as images (which is not allowed). The tables should be consecutively numbered using Arabic numerals in the order they appear in the text, including an explanatory title on top (e.g., see Table 1). After the explanatory title, the source of the table should be provided event if it was created by the authors. All the tables should be referred to in the text as Table X, where X is the corresponding number. The columns of the tables should have a heading. Only horizontal borders should be used to separate the rows, and the vertical borders of the columns should not be visible. The tables must be “inserted” in the text of the manuscript after they are mentioned.
Figures: All the figures (i.e., drawings, diagrams, illustrations, photographs, etc.) should be consecutively numbered using Arabic numerals in the order they appear in the text and include a very short explanatory caption below them (e.g., see Figure 1). The source of the figure should be included after the caption even if it was created by the authors. All the figures should be referred to in the text as Figure X, where X is the corresponding number. The figures must be “inserted” in the manuscript close to where they are mentioned.
The figures and pictures can be in color, but, if they are scanned, they should be sharp. The figures should be included as original pictures inserted in the manuscript with a resolution that ensures legibility is not compromised when their size is adjusted during typesetting (300 dpi). The text in the figures must be in the same language as the manuscript and legible if displayed on a screen or print on paper, preferably the same font and size as the main body of the text.
Results and discussion: In this section of the manuscript, the authors should argue and discuss ideas in order to prove to readers that the results obtained are valid. They can, first, discuss the most important results they obtained, and, second, compare them to those in other similar studies in the literature. For this purpose, they can use graphs and tables that evidence and enable readers to understand in a quick and accurate manner the analysis of the results they obtained in their study.
It is important to honestly discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the methods that were proposed, as well as examining the possible impact of the results in the research field.
Conclusions: The manuscript should include a section drawing the main conclusions of the study, derived from the analysis of the results. This section should be clear and accurate, and its length should be in line with the results of the study.
Acknowledgments: This section should explicitly state if the study was funded by any public or private funding agency, organization, or institution, and, if possible, the code or number of the research project. If the authors wish to thank an organization or more individuals, it should be a sober text, no longer than 60 words. The following sections are mandatory in this template.
Conflicts of interest: All the authors must explicitly declare any possible conflict of financial, professional, or personal interests that may inappropriately influence the results that were obtained or the interpretations that are proposed.
Author contributions: The papers by multiple authors should include a brief paragraph specifying the contributions each one made to conceptualize, design, and conduct the study and prepare and edit the final manuscript. All the authors must have made a substantial contribution to the study as well as the manuscript. Avoid courtesy authorship (i.e., including authors that did not make a contribution) and ghost authorship (i.e., excluding those who did make a substantial contribution).
The corresponding author, in addition to having made a substantial contribution, ensures that the authorship declarations are true.
References: The citation style used in TecnoLógicas is based on IEEE’s; however, some changes were made concerning specific information to be included for each type of source. The references should be numbered consequently in the same order as they appear in the text (not in alphabetical order) in brackets before the punctuation marks . In sentences, simply cite the reference number, as in . Do not use “Ref. ” or “reference ”, except at the beginning of a sentence.
When citing multiple references at a time, each one should be written in its own square brackets. For example, for two or three references, write “, , and ;” and for more than three consecutive references, “–.”
The authors should carefully check that all the publications that are cited in the manuscript are also listed in the references. Therefore, the list should only contain references that have been referred to in the main text, tables, or figures. The number of references should be in accordance with the type and length of the paper. A research article is expected to cite between 20 and 30 references, while a review paper requires at least 50.
The titles of references should be in their original language; however, if they are written in languages that use non-Latin scripts, their English translation should be included.
Connectors and prepositions used in reference formats must be written in the same language of your manuscript; for instance, if your paper is written in English, you should use “and”, “in” and, in Spanish, “y”, “en”.
The authors may cite a maximum of three articles previously published in TecnoLógicas (which should not exceed 10 % of the total number of references), except for systematic reviews whose search and selection methodology could lead to a higher number. Self-citations should be strictly justified by the content of the manuscript and their excess should be avoided.
Cite original documents, preferably scientific documents, and avoid local reports with limited scope and visibility, as well as informal references such as webpages and blogs.
The references should be inserted using a reference manager. Although we accept any of those widely used (i.e., Zotero and EndNote among others), we recommend Mendeley (https://www.mendeley.com) for this purpose. In addition, if your manuscript is accepted, you should attach a .bib file containing all the references in the text. The following format should be used:
Books: Author’s initials and surname, Title of book, Xth ed., Place of publication: Publisher, Year. DOI
A. A. Author, Title of book, Xth ed., Place of publication: Publisher, Year. https://doi.org/10.22430/22565337.1301
 C. O. Velásques and J. L. Ramírez Echavarría, Fundas de circuitos eléctricos, Colombia: Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, 2012. https://doi.org/10.22430/9789588743202 (Single-edition book)
Note: The book’s edition should be included (except for single-edition books) if it is explicitly specified. If you use Mendeley Reference Manager, the field Publishing House corresponds to the Publisher.
Chapters of books: Author’s initials and surname, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of book, Xth ed., Place of publication: Publisher, Year, pp. xxx–xxx. DOI
A. A. Author, “Title of chapter in the book” in Title of book, Xth ed., Place of publication: Publisher, Year, pp. xxx–xxx. https://doi.org/10.22430/22565337.1301
 M. H. Rashid, “Inversores multinivel”, in Electrónica de potencia, 4a ed., México: Pearson, 2015, pp. 417- 441. https://doi.org/10.22430/22565337.1301
Journal articles: Author’s initials and surname, “Title of article,” Abbreviated journal title, vol. x, nro. x, pp. xxx–xxx, Abbreviated month. Year. DOI or URL of the website where the information was found
A. A. Author, “Title of article,” Abbreviated journal title, vol. X, no. X, pp. xxx–xxx, Abbreviated month. Year. https://doi.org/10.22430/22565337.1301 (URL)
Note: If the journal title is only one word, it should not be abbreviated.
If you use Mendeley Reference Manager, the URLs should be entered manually because it does not include them when references are inserted.
 J. J. Barba-Ortega, J. D. González, and M. Rincón-Joya, “Simple theoretical proposal of the dependence of the deGennesextrapolation parameter with the surface temperature of a superconducting sample”, TecnoLógicas, vol. 22, nro 45, pp. 1-7, May. 2019. https://doi.org/10.22430/22565337.1301
Conference papers: Author’s initials and surname, “Title of article,” in Name of Conference, City, Year, pages. DOI or URL of the website where the information was found
A. A. Author, “Title of article,” in Name of Conference, City, Year, pp. xxx–xxx. https://doi.org/10.22430/22565337.1301 or URL
 M. Ejgar y B. Momin, “Solar plant monitoring system: A review,” in 2017 International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication (ICCMC), Erode, 2017, pp. 1142–1144. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCMC.2017.8282652
Reports: Author’s initials and surname, “Title of report,” Name of organization, Country, Type of report, Report number, Abbreviated month. Year of publication. URL of the website where the information was found
A. A. Author, “Title of report,” Name of organization, Country, Type of report, Report no., Abbreviated month. Year. URL
 E. E. Reber, R. L. Michell, and C. J. Carter, “Oxygen absorption in the earth’s atmosphere,” Aerospace Corp., USA, Tech. Rep. TR-0200 (4230-46)-3, Nov. 1988. https://revistas.um.es/analesdoc/article/view/1141/1191
Note: If you use Mendeley Reference Manager, the field Report Number should be enabled (go to Tools, Options, and Document type; select Report and click the number icon).
Standards: Title of standard, Standard number, Year. URL of the website where the information was found
 Gestión de la I+D+I sobre Sistemas de vigilancia e inteligencia, Norma UNE 166006:2018, 2018. https://www.une.org/encuentra-tunorma/busca-tu-norma/norma/?c=N0059973
Patents: Author’s initials and surname, “Title of patent,” Country, Patent Number, Month Day, Year. URL of the website where the information was found
 B. Herrera Múnera, K. P. Madero and L. C. Villalba, “Combustion system in porous bed and turbulent combustion”, Chile, Cl2017001731A1, May., 25, 2018. https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2016108059A1/en
Thesis: Author’s initials and surname, “Title of thesis,” Type of thesis (Ph.D. dissertation or M.S. thesis), Department, Academic institution, City, Year. URL of the website where the information was found
 J. Ramírez Gómez and A. L. Henao, “Método para la detección automática de ciberataques con sensores maliciosos en redes inalámbricas ad-hoc de sensores para entornos de hogares inteligentes”, (Tesis de Maestría), Facultad de ingeniería, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Medellín, 2017. https://repositorio.itm.edu.co/jspui/handle/ITM/124