An adaptive algorithm for overcurrent protections on the case study IEEE9

Keywords: Electric protections, Protections coordination, Adaptive algorithm, Power systems, Network Topology

Abstract

A proper coordination of electrical protections is fundamental in electric power systems, with the aim of avoiding unexpected disconnections. These disconnections can produce problems in the operation of the power system and in its different components. Even though this activity has complex tasks in great power systems, currently exist some automatic methods for coordination of protections applicated in study cases. In this document, an adaptive algorithm for coordination of four directional overcurrent relays located in two adjacent transmission lines in the nine bars study case IEEE9 is developed. Two protections per transmission line. Afterwards, an analysis of the obtained results is exhibited, explaining some characteristics of the power system and relating them with the behavior of the parameters of the relays, due to topology changes in the network. Finally, the conclusions about the results and the performance of the algorithm are mentioned. The contributions of this work are shown in the analysis of an innovative alternative in Colombia, that allows optimize the use of the protections scheme in power systems. Likewise, the obtained results allow to validate the implementation of the algorithm in real devices in a segment of the electric network in Colombia, which is property of CODENSA.

Author Biographies

José A. Montoya-Arias, *, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia

Ingeniero Electricista, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín, Medellín-Colombia, joamontoyaar@unal.edu.co
*Corresponding author

Oscar A. Tobar-Rosero, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia

Ingeniero Electricista, Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín, Medellín-Colombia, oatobarr@unal.edu.co

Germán D. Zapata-Madrigal, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia

Ph. en ingeniería, Ingeniero Electricista, Profesor asociado de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Medellín, Medellín-Colombia, gdzapata@unal.edu.co

Rodolfo García-Sierra, CODENSA grupo Enel

Ph. en ingeniería, Ingeniero Electricista, CODENSA grupo Enel, Medellín-Colombia, rodolfo.garcia@enel.com

References

A. J. Urdaneta, L. G. Perez, and H. Restrepo, “Optimal coordination of directional overcurrent relays considering dynamic changes in the network topology,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1458–1464, Oct 1997. https://doi.org/10.1109/61.634161.

M. Ojaghi, Z. Sudi, and J. Faiz, “Implementation of full adaptive technique to optimal coordination of overcurrent relays,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 235–244, Jan. 2013. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2012.2221483.

A. Y. Abdelaziz, H. E. A. Talaat, A. I. Nosseir, and A. A. Hajjar, “An adaptive protection scheme for optimal coordination of overcurrent relays,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 1–9, Feb. 2002. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7796(01)00176-6.

B. Chattopadhyay, M. S. Sachdev, and T. S. Sidhu, “An on-line relay coordination algorithm for adaptive protection using linear programming technique,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 165–173, Jan.1996. https://doi.org/10.1109/61.484013.

M. H. Hussain, S. R. A. Rahim, and I. Musirin, “Optimal overcurrent relay coordination: A review,” Procedia Eng., vol. 53, pp. 332–336, March. 2013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.02.043.

M. Farzinfar, M. Jazaeri, and F. Razavi, “A new approach for optimal coordination of distance and directional over-current relays using multiple embedded crossover PSO,” Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 61, pp. 620–628, Oct. 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2014.04.001.

F. Razavi, H. A. Abyaneh, M. Al-Dabbagh, R. Mohammadi, and H. Torkaman, “A new comprehensive genetic algorithm method for optimal overcurrent relays coordination,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 713–720, Apr. 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2007.05.013.

T. S. Sidhu and B. K. Talukdar, “Topology detection for adaptive protection of distribution networks,” in Energy Management and Power Delivery, 1995. Proceedings of EMPD ’95., 1995 International Conference on, 1995, singapure pp. 445–450.

I. Abdulhadi, F. Coffele, A. Dyśko, C. Booth, and G. Burt, “Adaptive protection architecture for the smart grid,” in IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGTEurope.2011.6162781.

F. Coffele, C. Booth, and A. Dyśko, “An Adaptive Overcurrent Protection Scheme for Distribution Networks,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 561–568, Feb. 2015. Manchester. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2013.2294879.

S. A. Ahmadi, H. Karami, and B. Gharehpetian, “Comprehensive coordination of combined directional overcurrent and distance relays considering miscoordination reduction,” Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 92, pp. 42–52, Nov. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2017.04.008.

B. Chattopadhyay, M. S. Sachdev, and T. S. Sidhu, “An on-line relay coordination algorithm for adaptive protection using linear programming technique,” IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 165–173, Jan. 1996. https://doi.org/10.1109/61.484013

How to Cite
Montoya-Arias, J. A., Tobar-Rosero, O. A., Zapata-Madrigal, G. D., & García-Sierra, R. (2019). An adaptive algorithm for overcurrent protections on the case study IEEE9. TecnoLógicas, 22(45), 45-58. https://doi.org/10.22430/22565337.1335

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2019-05-15
Section
Research Papers