Impact of government incentives in the profitability of green energy production using fuel cells in Colombia

  • Bernardo A. Potosí-Guerrero Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Carlos A. Ramos-Paja Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Sergio I. Serna-Garcés Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano
Keywords: Fuel cells, green government, electricity production, tax incentives, government subsidies.

Abstract

Fuel cells are a technological alternative to produce green energy, however, high costs make fuel cell a non-profitable option. This paper analyses the impact of the Colombian government incentives in the profitability of fuel cells. The analysis is based on the total operation cost of the fuel cell in three representative applications: residential, office and building elevator. The economic viability of fuel cell generation in those cases is contrasted with classical solutions like diesel generators and standard grid to provide a reference framework. Such results enable to evaluate the effectiveness of the Colombian government incentives in promoting the use of fuel cells over other less environmental-friendly options such as diesel generators. Finally, new incentives are proposed by subsidies offered by other countries with higher fuel cell penetration into their electric market. All the analyses are supported in simulations performed with a mathematical model parameterized using the characteristics of commercial devices.

Author Biographies

Bernardo A. Potosí-Guerrero, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Ingeniero de Control, Joven Investigador Colciencias, Departamento de Energía Eléctrica y Automática, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín
Carlos A. Ramos-Paja, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Ph.D. en Ingeniería Electrónica, Automática y Comunicaciones, Profesor Asociado, Departamento de Energía Eléctrica y Automática, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín
Sergio I. Serna-Garcés, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano
M.Sc. en Ingeniería - Ingeniería de Sistemas, Profesor Auxiliar, Departamento de Electrónica y Telecomunicaciones, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Medellín

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How to Cite
Potosí-Guerrero, B. A., Ramos-Paja, C. A., & Serna-Garcés, S. I. (2016). Impact of government incentives in the profitability of green energy production using fuel cells in Colombia. TecnoLógicas, 19(37), 93-106. https://doi.org/10.22430/22565337.84

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Published
2016-07-30
Section
Research Papers

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