El Papel de las Corporaciones Transnacionales en el Proceso de Difusión de la Tecnología
This paper explores several problems about the diffusion of the technology as well as the possible routes or channels to make it happens, the forms which it acquires, based on the conditions and potentialities of the developing countries, and their barriers, among others, analyzing the role that the transnational corporations can play regarding to the diffusion, as a key factor for the innovation, either because they promote it or because they prevent it. It is analyzed methodologically some actions that favour the diffusion and the incorporation of the transnational corporations and the impact of the direct foreign investment in this process.
On the other hand, the study of the nature of the diffusion is approached, by means of the technology transference concept and it is stated the best way that facilitate its diffusion. Another issue is the analysis of the incidence that the protection of the intellectual property has on the diffusion since it affects the decision of a transnational company to settle down in a country, and the desire of the direct foreign investment. An expected result is to understand how the diffusion is affected, by the process of technology transference and by the barriers of the intellectual property, and to conclude with the adoption of elements for the handling of the diffusion routes, the relations with the transnational corporations and the regulation of the intellectual property.
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