Evaluación del desempeño de microrredes: una revisión

Palabras clave: Evaluación de rendimiento, evaluación técnica, indicador clave de rendimiento, microrredes, nivel de operación


En los últimos años, la penetración de generación renovable se ha incrementado significativamente, mejorando la confiabilidad de los sistemas eléctricos y mitigando el impacto ambiental. Esta penetración ha potenciado el uso de microrredes, motivando el estudio a profundidad del desempeño de estos sistemas. No obstante, la cantidad y diversidad de información existente hace dispendioso identificar y comprender de manera integral los aspectos técnicos y las métricas específicas para evaluar el desempeño de las microrredes. Este documento presenta una revisión de estudios sobre el análisis de desempeño de una microrred y facilita identificar qué y cómo realizarlo. La revisión comprende dos etapas. Primero, la identificación de artículos en bases de datos como IEEE Xplore, Scopus y SpringerLink relacionados con el análisis del desempeño de microrredes; y segundo, la definición de capacidades y clasificación de métricas en éstas. En total, se establecieron ocho capacidades, a saber: generación, resiliencia, mantenimiento, comunicación, reconfiguración, operación, control y protección. Asimismo, la revisión permitió la identificación de 87 indicadores. Este acopio de información facilitaría el diseño de planes de evaluación del desempeño de microrredes.

Biografía del autor/a

Jersson García-García, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia

Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga-Colombia, jersson2218419@correo.uis.edu.co

Juan Rey-López , Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia

Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga-Colombia, juanmrey@uis.edu.co

German Osma-Pinto*, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Colombia

Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga-Colombia, gealosma@uis.edu.co

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Cómo citar
J. García-García, J. Rey-López, y G. Osma-Pinto, «Evaluación del desempeño de microrredes: una revisión», TecnoL., vol. 26, n.º 58, p. e2656, sep. 2023.


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