Sistema de gestión de energía para una microrred con almacenamiento en baterías e incorporación de biomasa

Palabras clave: Baterías, biomasa, gasificador, microrred, sistema de gestión de energía

Resumen

La implementación de fuentes no convencionales de generación de energía eléctrica se ha realizado por medio de microrredes, en las cuales los sistemas de gestión de energía juegan un papel importante, ya que, por medio de estos, se busca el suministro económico de potencia a la carga. El objetivo de este estudio fue el desarrollo de un sistema de gestión de energía que considera el comportamiento de un sistema gasificador-generador mediante el uso de modelos matemáticos en la generación de electricidad basada en biomasa en una microrred con inclusión de fuentes convencionales y no convencionales de generación de energía eléctrica, almacenamiento en baterías, respuesta a la demanda y conexión a la red para el suministro económico de potencia a la carga. Para ello, se realizó la formulación matemática, tanto de la función objetivo de optimización, como de las restricciones de las fuentes y cargas que componen la microrred, y se implementó un algoritmo en Matlab para la ejecución de simulaciones y obtención de resultados, los cuales mostraron que el sistema de gestión opera satisfactoriamente a la microrred aislada y conectada a la red, aprovechando la fuente de biomasa para atender a la carga en un entorno de operación económica, combinando cada una de las fuentes y almacenamiento que componen el sistema. Finalmente, el uso de modelos matemáticos permite la incorporación del comportamiento de fuentes como la biomasa en la generación de potencia para diferentes valores de parámetros como la humedad de la biomasa y el factor de aire en esquemas de gestión económica de microrredes.

Biografía del autor/a

Albert Deluque Pinto*, Universidad de La Guajira, Colombia

Universidad de La Guajira, Riohacha – Colombia, adeluquep@uniguajira.edu.co

 

Ernesto Pérez González , Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia

Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Medellín – Colombia, eperezg@unal.edu.co

Gail Gutiérrez Ramírez, Universidad de La Guajira, Colombia

Universidad de La Guajira, Riohacha – Colombia, galbeirog@uniguajira.edu.co

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Cómo citar
[1]
A. Deluque Pinto, E. . Pérez González, y G. Gutiérrez Ramírez, «Sistema de gestión de energía para una microrred con almacenamiento en baterías e incorporación de biomasa», TecnoL., vol. 25, n.º 54, p. e2356, ago. 2022.

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Publicado
2022-08-11
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